Parent's Role in Education
Parents are the first educator and the main educator in teaching principal things for children mental development. Human was born and growth until become adult in family that is why parents are stated as the first educator. While as the main educator, parents are help the children to develop their personalities, habits, and attitudes. By their potential children are thought and growth in positive way belongs to their ability. Allah Almighty says in An-Nahl: 78 states that everyone was born without knowing anything. So this is the duty for their relatives to teach them.
The best solution in education is the presence of the adult. It is better if one or both of the parents are active in their children’s education. Parents must really participate in the children’s education. Moreover, parents frequently communicate with the educational institute to monitor their children’s academic and personal development.
Education of family is fundamental to children’s education because education may determine much of the children’s future. Form and content and the way to educate given by parents will regard growth and character development kindness and their children personality.
As the realization from the responsibility and motivation of the parents to the children education in school, parents also hold responsibility in give the guidance in children learning activity, appropriate with their ability. The guidance of the parents must not teach children in certain lesson as soon as teacher does in school, but parents can give motivation in another way that can help children learning activity included inside.
There are many ways for parents to stay involved in children’s education without appearing to be trying to control their lives. such as helping in doing homework, registering in a course, represent private teacher in home, providing facility in learning, giving attention, and support by making enjoyable learning situation at home and helping in solving problem, or ask to study hard and give praise or present of achievement which have been reached, because with the praise or present from parent it can improve children’s enthusiasm in learning. It is appropriate in line with Allah Almighty commands in Al Mu’min: 17.
Parents who want their children get the goal achievement in the school must give the attention to children in learning activity. Parents' active involvement with their children's education at home and in school brings great rewards and has a significant impact on their children's lives.
In adolescence, children become more independent and usually do not want their parents in school. In middle and high school, students have to deal with more courses and more teachers in a more impersonal way, so parent involvement, although less direct, is still critical. Parents can participate in events at school, monitor homework, provide experiences and materials that supplement course work, and help children with organizational strategies. Parents can influence their children's academic progress by encouragement, reinforcement and modeling. Children learn from their parents' own learning style and activities such as discussions, newspapers and other reading materials, television habits and other quests for information and knowledge.
To become active in involvement to children education, parents’ must have the educational background, because family status variables such as parents' level of education have been regarded as predictors of children's academic achievement. Increasingly, research has suggested that, rather than having a direct association with children's academic achievement, parents' level of education is part of a larger constellation of psychological and sociological variables influencing children's school outcomes.
Higher levels of education may equal access to resources, such as income, time, energy, and community contacts, that allow for greater parental involvement in children education. Thus, the influence of parents' level of education on student outcomes might best is represented as a relationship mediated by interactions among status and process variables.
Literature also suggests that the level of education influences parents' knowledge, beliefs, values, and goals about childrearing, so that a variety of parental behaviors is indirectly related to children's school performance. For example, higher levels of education may enhance parents' facility at becoming involved in their children's education, and enable parents to get and model social skills and produce the problem solving strategies to children's school success. Thus, students whose parents have higher levels of education may have a long view for learning, more positive ability beliefs, a stronger work orientation, and they may use more effective learning strategies than children of parents with lower levels of education.